tv Tour of Cedar Rapids Iowa CSPAN March 24, 2019 11:46pm-12:01am EDT
which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2019] >> american history tv is on c-span3 every weekend. all of our programs are archived at c-span.org/history. you can watch lectures and classrooms, towards of historic sites, archival films, ncr scheduled upcoming programs. at c-span.org/history. >> our c-span cities tour takes american history tv on the road to feature the history of cities across america. here is a recent program. >> the spirit of the original people that settled cedar rapids the 1840's and 1850's still lives on today. the innovation, the spirit, the can-do attitude, the optimism. they were always striking to make cedar rapids better. >> while in cedar rapids we took
of the city. a driving tour of the city. >> mark stouffer hunter, thank you for join us to shows around cedar rapids today. >> i'm excited to do this. i live breathe cedar rapids , history. >> you're an expert on historic preservation and also an expert on the hidden history of cedar rapids. all things weird and wonderful. >> i love the weird and the wonderful, the hidden history. the nice layers of history underneath the basic facts about our history with the buildings and people and stories. >> we're going to see some of all of that today as we drive around cedar rapids. where are the places you're going to take us. >> we will take a close look at we still say is the largest cereal mill in the world, quaker oats. we will look at the unique neighborhoods of the czech immigrant village. jimena. -- new bohemia.
we're going on to the lincoln highway which crossed from new york to california, first big highway. looked would this have like in the early days of cedar rapids? >> we're on top of the hill, this would have been a clicks of -- collection a large territory and mansions -- victorian mansions like dubuque and so forth and people living in large houses up here and this hill right now was a favorite sliding hill for kids. >> it's very snowy. we could go sledding right now. >> untenanted -- i intended to -- i am tempted to do that. we would go, whee. >> you can't come to iowa in the middle of winter and not address this is so very cold. >> it is very, very cold. we have to have a lot of endurance here because we are super cold right now, we get
wind chills as cold as 60 below zero and the summertime we get heat indexes up to 120 degrees. >> you're a hearty people. >> a very hearty people. >> they came into play in the flood of 2008. >> right now we're driving in a spot, if we were driving down the street 11 years ago this car would be completely engulfed in water. it went over the railings of the bridge. 14% of cedar rapid was covered by the flood of 2008. devastated the city. we never had such a major natural disaster. one of the top ten in the united states history. >> how long did it take for the recovery recovery? >> the better part of five or six years to get that damaged properties removed. over 1,500 homes destroyed because of the flood, meaning -- many in the northwest quadrant. we have seen this as a reason to build cedar rapids bigger and better. all this knew highrise housing did not exist before the flood.
all of that is postflight redevelopment. >> we are outside the grant would studio. who was grant wood and why this building so important? >> grant wood is the artist behind what is widely seen as the second most recognizable painting in the world. behind the mona lisa is the american gothic painting, the man with the pitchfork and he's got the bald head and glasses glasses and a woman standing next to him. there is a great underlying story because those people in american gothic are cedar rapids people. the man is grant wood the artist, it's hit dentist, an actual person. the joke's on all of this because when i started studying local history i used to talk to his former patients back in the 1990's and they said he was in the funniest guy they ever new -- knew. when you look at him the painting, he's really grumpy
looking but that's the joke of the artist, he's really funny. so he put his dentist in the paining and this woman is his sister who is only 28-years-old when the painting was done, she knew he wasn't meaning to depict her as an older woman but that was the story behind the story. american gothic was painted right here in this carriage house, which is now owned by our cedar rapids the z-mapp art. grant wood lived upstairs in the hay loft, american gothic was painted in a hay loft. we're very proud we have preserved this place and we are the home to american gothic. you can see it in chicago but it came from here. let's head down, leave the history center the grant wood studio and he history center started out as a house for two families synonymous with the cedar rapids history, the ses that started the quaker oats mill. we've had oatmeal for 146 years
now. >> it is an important part of my morning. >> a beautiful view of the quaker oats factory. started along the train tracks in 1873 by the douglas family. when i was a kid you can take tours of the plant. it was really fun to see the oatmeal being made. all the cap'n crunch in the world is made right here in cedar rapids. = is it true that sometimes the air smells like crunchberries? >> yes. i hope you'll smell it before you leave here. you want to good outside and eat the air, it's so good. >> this is a huge economic driver of the city? >> huge economic christopher. oat was a major crop in the area and now it's more on and soybeans. this is an old bohemian czech school building on the right and we were a tad of mostly german scottish, english, irish , immigrants before 1870 and been a family named the sinclairs came here. and wanted to build a large pork and beef processing plant and started in this neighborhood because packing houses stink and
it was to get away from the town center. they needed so many workers that people from the region of bohemia, now the czech republic, came here by the hundreds and overnight changes the makeup of cedar rapids and we were completely welcoming to the record. this was the 1870's when this huge -- the diversity changed dramatically overnight. the existing population fully welcomed the bohemian population. they populated this area around the job source where they can to work here the result was they built their own little minidowntown here, and so kind of like other cities have little italys and have little bohemia, the on one in the united states. as this became a more industrial area, the focus shifted more towards the west side, check village. -- czech village, this is a former bohemian movie theater and on the right they had bohemian language films in there former hardware store, the
oldest restaurant-bar in cedar rapid, since 1934. hasn't changed since 1934. let's go across the bridge and go past the african-american museum. the result was, the success story of the immigrants of eastern europe, that opened the door for all other ethnic groups to come to cedar rapids in the 1880's and 1890's. they were followed by an influx of russian, italian, greeks. an early middle eastern muslim population coming in the 1890's. a small chinese population. different backgrounds and faiths are welcome here. very early we got a reputation of being a diverse community in cedar rapids. this is the national czech museum and library lice because there's such a focus of czech ethnic history right here in the united states in cedar rapids this was kind of renovated first in the 1970's because new bohemia was the older bohemia area, little more
rundown because the slaughter house was still operating until 1990. this was more early to mid 20th century architecture. a continued the pattern of bohemian commercial neighborhood that got its start on the east side of the river. we are passing through the neighborhood for the wright brothers lived. they lived in cedar rapids. they traveled with her father. they had a home in the library parking lot is. their father was assigned to cedar rapids to orval was 8-years-old and wilbur was 11-years-old. they lived in this neighborhood in downtown cedar rapids, they lived in three different homes. we have documented where those places where. ony went to an old-school the side where the public library is now. oroville wright wrote that when they were children living in cedar rapids their father brought home a flying toy and inspired them to start studying flying apparatus. so the inspiration for flight
happened in cedar rapids and we love that. this is one of the earliest significant sites of the write -- wright brothers. but only to the wright brothers lived in cedar rapids, but former first lady mimi eisenhower. >> she is well known in iowa state history that she was born in the town of boone, iowa. and she went on to live about 10 years here in cedar rapids. she was here because her father was working as a buyer for the sinclair package house, the focus of the little bohemia neighborhood. she spent the first 10 or 11 years of her life in cedar rapids. one of the homes she lived in is still standing. it is one of the great secrets, even to many local residents. it is the second home on the right. the square looking house with the porch.
1245 3rd avenue. >> we have been all over cedar rapids. why is it important for people to know about the midwest and hi iowa and cedar rapids history. >> we are at a crossroads of the entire national development movement. we established railroad connections to the east and west coasts so we have historic connections to major developments around the united states going back to the 1860's. all the industry people and stories we have developed here have relevant links to the rest of the united states and the rest of the world. >> you can watch this and other programs on the history of communities across the country at c-span.org/citiestour/ this is american history tv, only on c-span3. from capitolht, hill, democratic senator edward
markey and republican compass and greg walden join us to talk about net neutrality, privacy, mergers and big tech companies. >> if you want us to preempt california, how strong is the law for all 50 states? that is the debate we are going to have in the congress this year. for my opinion, if it is not the strongest possible protection, there is no point to preempting the states that want to get strong privacy protection to their citizens. >> if you think about the internet, it is like the superhighway we drive down. what really happens and eventually you need to take an offramp to get into the neighborhood where you want to go. the off ramps are your search engines, your social media. think about facebook, google. some of the other providers really have enormous control over what we see, when we access it, how we access it.
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published by public affairs, c-span's "the presidents" will be on shelves april 23. you can order today at orpan.org today at c-span.org wherever books are sold. >> next on the presidency, james baker remembers his longtime friend, george h.w. bush. he talks about their friendship and a notable evidence of the first bush administration including the end of the cold war and the gulf war. he looks back to the campaign that ended with george bush as ronald reagan's vice president choice. mr. baker served as president bush's secretary of state and white house chief of staff. former president george w. bush introduces the program which was hosted by his presidential center in dallas. this is almost 40 minutes. >> ladies and gentlemen, please welcome the chief of the george w. bush presidential center,